Paracas National Reserve and ‘The poor man’s Galapagos’

The Galapagos Islands is undoubtedly one of South America’s top natural highlights, but also one of its most expensive, so what if you don’t have thousands of pounds to spare for the trip? Well, head to Paracas National Reserve in Peru instead. We took a boat trip from Paracas to the Ballestas Islands, known as ‘the poor man’s Galapagos’, for a fraction of the price and saw incredible flocks of birds, sea lions, penguins and rock formations.

Us at Red Sand Beach, Paracas National Reserve, Peru

How to get to Paracas National Reserve

Paracas National Reserve lies 250 kilometres south of Lima, Peru. The tiny coastal town is built around tourism, with a plethora of hotels, hostels and tour companies offering trips to both Paracas National Park and Ballestas Islands boat tours. Some people take Paracas tours from Lima, either as a day trip or part of a package to nearby Ica for sandboarding and to see the Nazca Lines.

Natural rock arch surrounded by birds and sea lions at the Ballestas Islands, Peru

The most common way to get there is to take a bus from Lima to Paracas independently which is what we did. We used the Cruz Del Sur Paracas bus, which was punctual and extremely comfy, the journey took just under four hours and cost £11 per person. You’ll be dropped at the station, which is just a 10-minute walk to town. You can also stop at Paracas if you’re travelling from Cusco, the Peru Hop bus company offers services from Cusco to Paracas and on to Lima.

Paracas Reserve tour

There are really only two things to do in Paracas: visit the Paracas National Reserve and take a boat tour of the Ballestas Islands. The day we arrived in Paracas the weather was too windy for boat trips to run the following morning, so instead, we booked a bus tour of the Paracas National Reserve, which spans 200,000 hectares of desert and ocean. The reserve is home to over 216 species of birds, plus various mammals, reptiles and fish.

Paracas National Reserve Tour, Peru

As the bus bumped through the desert-like landscape, we spotted flocks of long-beaked, exotic birds soaring along the jagged coastline. There were rocky mountains stretching as far as the eye could see, desolate and empty save for the few tourist buses. We made a stop at the National Reserve’s museum to learn about the diverse bird and marine life in the area and its pre-Incan archeological sites.

Paracas National Reserve Coastline, Peru

Next up were stops at key view points in the reserve, overlooking red sand beaches and unique geological rock formations such as The Cathedral. We even spotted dolphins playing in the water, as well as dozens of different birds. All bus trips seem to stop at a cluster of overpriced restaurants by a beach, we skipped lunch and ate our snacks on the sand instead, then walked up to a lookout point.

One of the many sea birds at Paracas National Reserve

Ballestas islands boat tour

We kept our fingers crossed for the weather to clear the next day, and fortunately it did. All boat tours leave from the Paracas dock around 8am and last about an hour and a half. You can either book a Paracas boat tour through your hostel or a local tour company, or simply head to the dock and buy a ticket over the counter (prices are listed in the cost section below).

The 'Elephant' rock formation at the Ballestas Islands, Peru

The boat sped across the waves towards the small cluster of Ballestas Islands, which lie around 14 kilometres off the coast of Paracas. Along the way, we stopped to marvel at the Candelabra, a huge rock carving that dates back to 2,500 BC, no one really knows why and how it was carved, but it’s similar to Peru’s famous nearby Nazca Lines.

The Candelabra, pre-Inca carving in Paracas National Reserve

You’ll know when you’re approaching the Ballestas Islands from the squawks of thousands of birds, followed by the smell of their droppings. In fact, the rocky islands are covered in an impressive, thick coating of their waste. I was immediately taken aback by the scale of the wildlife, as huge flocks of birds covered the rocks and soared above.

So many sea birds nesting and flying around the Ballestas Islands in Peru

Amongst the crowds of birds, we could pick out cute stripy Humboldt Penguins, other bird species included Peruvian Pelicans, Inca Terns, Peruvian Boobies and Red-legged Cormorants. In fact, the Ballestas Islands are home to over 1,500 species of marine birds, as well as the sea lions, dolphins and diverse marine life.

Humboldt Penguins on the Ballestas Islands, Peru

As the boat drew closer, the roar of sea lions joined the melee, and we could pick out hundreds basking on rocks, swimming in the waters and filling caves. There was even a cove covered in mother and baby sea lions, known as maternity beach. Off the shore, mothers were teaching the young pups to swim, calling out to each other as they bobbed in the waves.

Sea lion relaxing on the rocks on the Ballestas Islands in Peru

As well as the wildlife, the rocks themselves were fascinating, coloured in shades of red and grey and covered in crabs and a thick layer of birds. There were hidden caves and striking formations, one of an elephant, another of a man’s face. We floated slowly around the islands, taking in the natural beauty and feeling like we were in some kind of Planet Earth documentary.

The 'Man's Face' rock formation at the Ballestas Islands, Peru

Cost of visiting Paracas National Reserve and the Ballestas Islands

So, how much does it cost to visit Paracas? Prices obviously vary according to your accommodation preferences, but the cost of transport and tours are pretty similar regardless of what companies you go with. Here’s what we spent on our two-night trip to Paracas from Lima.

Group of birds nesting on a rock in Paracas National Reserve, Peru

ExpenseCost per personCost for two
Return bus from Lima to Paracas with Cruz del Sur.£22 (S/.100)£44 (S/.200)
Two nights at Atenas Backpackers Hostel in Paracas in a private room with en-suite bathroom.£18.30 (S/.83)£36.60 (S/.166)
Half day Paracas National Reserve tour and Ballestas Islands boat tour combination ticket*£16.50 (S/.75)£33 (S/.150)
Food, snacks and drinks (our favourite restaurant was easily Fruzion).£21.50 (S/.98)£43 (S/.196)
Total£78.30 (S/.356)£156.60 (S/.712)

*You can buy combination tickets from the main tourist marina as well as through tour companies. Separate tickets are available if you just want to visit one attraction.

Maternity Beach on the Ballestas Islands, Peru

Best hotels in Paracas Peru

Wondering where to stay in Paracas? The little town is full of hostels, guest houses and a couple of up-market Paracas hotels. We searched Tripadvisor for reviews and opted for a private room in Atenas Backpacker Hospedaje, which was basic but clean and quiet. The owner was lovely, he arranged our tours for us and even gave us a free breakfast on our last day. You can search more Paracas hostels and hotels here.

Sea lion basking on a rock in the Ballestas Islands, Peru

Essential gear for a Paracas trip

When you visit Paracas, be prepared for windy weather as well as strong sunshine, you’ll need high-factor sun block and sunglasses, as well as a jumper and jacket, especially on the boat trip. A hood or hat is a good idea to protect you from being crapped on by the birds! You can check out our complete South America packing list to see what gear we travel with and don’t forget your camera to capture those scenic views and wildlife shots.

paracas national reserve and the poor man's galapagos

Pin Me For Later!

Have you been to the Paracas National Reserve and Ballestas Islands? Got any questions about visiting? Let us know in the comments below.

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10 thoughts on “Paracas National Reserve and ‘The poor man’s Galapagos’

  1. Your video is really good .The rock formations and red sand beaches are something different to see You aree doing a great job promoting all these amazing regions of Peru,love Louisa

  2. Fun video Amy and Andrew! I love that you’re enjoying this incredible adventure. I know you really went through a series of decisions (and changes) to get to South America so it’s super nice to see you enjoying yourself and exploring such beautiful places. And, sharing it with us.

    • Hi Patti, yes, we did agonise over the decision slightly, as you know 🙂 I’m glad we made this decision though, it may have been the less logical and more expensive option but it has opened our eyes to a new region and helped us figure out where we want to be next. I’m happy I get to share our adventures with you too.

  3. Paracas will not be on our Peru itinerary…regretting that a bit now. Sounds like you had a lovely time there, seeing wildlife is always such a joy 🙂 I have never seen Penguins or Sea Lions in the wild…awesome.

    • It was great Gilda, but there are plenty more adventures to be had in Peru, you will love it!

  4. Can we buy combination tickets and do them separately
    I.e. we arrive at 11am and do the Reserve in the afternoon and then do the Ballestas Island the next morning?

    Thank you
    Andie

    • Hi Andie, thanks for your comment. Yes, you can – in fact we did just that due to the weather. The owner of our guesthouse organised it for us. Have fun, it was a great trip 🙂

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